Voices from Thai Female Victims and Male Perpetrators: How Do We Reduce Intimate Partner Violence
Intimate partner violence is still going on in Thailand which leads to a significant public health problem in Thai society. The objectives of this study were: 1) To understand circumstances of intimate partner violence and health consequences 2) To explore severed female cases that came to the hospital from violence by their partners 3) To develop programme for intimate partner violence reduction. This study organized two research methods for collecting data; qualitative data collection and quantitative data collection. The qualitative study finding showed that both women and men can be victims, however, men are more likely to be the perpetrators of violence and women are more likely than men to experience as a violence victim by their partners. In addition, the study reflected social standards especially on gender roles in Thai society in term of traditional beliefs about what husband and wife should do. The findings also revealed several factors that found to be associated with intimate partner violence, for instance, family relations and communication (n=20), alcohol or drug abuse (n=15), resource management (n=13), etc. The quantitative study findings disclosed that more than 70% of married women were re-victimization. Interesting to note that 78.5% of leading factor to violence in married couples were arguing, and 42.6 % were drinking while violence incident occurred. Consequences of intimate partner violence have been linked to many immediate and long-term health outcomes. From both data; Qualitative and Quantitative were use to initiate and develop programme intervention to reduce intimate partner violence in Thailand.
Key Words: Intimate partner violence, Factor related violence, Health consequences, Reduce, Programme Intervention, Thailand.